Presentation by our sponsors
The open data trend allowing the proliferation of applications consumers use on a daily basis (i.e., Flixster, Urban Spoon, etc.) is now crossing over to the scientific community, creating a significant opportunity to enrich content and speed innovation. Simultaneously, the availability to access and connect raw data is emerging as a critical component to fuel scientific discovery as research becomes even more multidisciplinary and collaborative.
Through thousands of interviews with researchers and industry influencers, it’s clear there is an opportunity to create an environment that empowers the scientific community to maximize the potential benefits of research-driven applications to search and discovery. The unprecedented approach would alter the relationship between scientific information and the way it is discovered, used, shared and re-used for scientific breakthroughs.
As the scientific community experiments and builds innovative applications to leverage available data and deliver “intelligent information” through innovative applications, content consumption will be fundamentally changed. Micro-communities designed around information and applications in which users help each other curate will evolve and transform into trusted networks for researchers to filter and view information. As this new scientific knowledge ecosystem flourishes, it will create the building blocks that capture existing knowledge on any given subject and serve as the foundation for new discoveries.
Universities, commercial and government institutions will be crucial in encouraging researchers to develop new applications. Within these institutions, it is the librarians who have the greatest opportunity to champion the cause as the influential gatekeepers of research.
This presentation will delve into the power and benefit of generating tailored applications for scientific researchers focused on improving the search and discovery process, as well as the steps required from all parties – librarians, researchers, publishers and platform providers – involved to make these applications a reality.
Rafael Sidi is Vice President, Product Management at ScienceDirect at Elsevier. Currently he is in charge of online product development for ScienceDirect platform and new initiatives related to knowledge discovery. He has been with Elsevier since 2001, and he has been instrumental in developing Engineering Village and launching illumin8. He was also the publisher for the Compendex database. Before joining Elsevier Rafael was Director of e-commerce operations at Bolt, a teen-age social networking portal. Rafael holds an MA from Brandeis University and a BS in electrical engineering from Bogazici University in Istanbul, Turkey.
Tamar Sadeh, (Ex Libris, UK): More Is Different: Mega-Aggregation of Scholarly Materials and Its Impact on the Search Experience
With the advances in scholarly communication in recent years, the academic research world is becoming more global and collaborative. E-Science, for example, has introduced scientific projects on a whole new scale in terms of collaborative effort, the dissemination of information, technical infrastructure, and the amount of data that is generated. In this global environment, scholars’ quest for information transcends borders; indeed, every research document, no matter where it was created, can be accessed globally and its impact can be felt widely.
Continuing to fulfill their role, information providers publish the growing quantity of quality materials and disseminate them to institutions around the world. Institutions, for their part, strive to offer their users as many relevant information resources as can feasibly be provided, given budgetary constraints, and to facilitate searching in these resources.
The availability of the Internet as a vehicle for publishing scholarly materials, on the one hand, and for locating such materials, on the other, offers the academic information community several approaches to searching in heterogeneous information resources: a networked approach, a centralized approach, or a combination of the two. The networked approach adheres to the fundamental concept of the Internet whereby information items are linked to each other regardless of physical location and can hence be organized into one conceptual entity by a software system or a user. A centralized approach—adopted by search engines such as Google—relies on indexing of the Internet; a user who seeks information searches the index. Whereas the former approach eliminates the duplication of data and the need for preprocessing, the latter approach generates very quick responses to queries and excellent relevance ranking.
The scholarly environment follows the trends of the consumer market for global information. Over the last decade, we have witnessed the rise of metasearch systems that follow the networked approach. Such systems gather relevant information from diverse information resources as a response to a researcher’s query and use centralized configuration information as a basis for the interaction with these resources. The much-awaited semantic Web is expected to facilitate this kind of interaction between heterogeneous systems.
At the same time, information providers invested in creating larger information repositories, but the rise of Google Scholar, which is based on the centralized model on a global scale, has paved the way to a truly centralized approach. However, Google Scholar also demonstrates the need for tools that will enable users to sift through information provided by very large aggregates of data.
In recent years, other players have attempted to build mega-aggregates of scholarly materials. In addition, the perceptions of information providers, particularly secondary publishers, have been changing: whereas in the past they insisted on encapsulating their data and providing it only to those who visited their sites, today most of them regard mega-aggregates of scholarly materials as additional entry points to their collections.
The session will describe the centralized approach to addressing the quest for scholarly information and will focus on Primo Central, a mega-aggregate of scholarly materials that is offered by Ex Libris as a service in a cloud computing environment.
Tamar Sadeh brings a computing background to the field of information services for libraries. With a degree in computer science and mathematics, she spent a number of years developing search engines for structured and unstructured data. At Ex Libris, a multinational company that develops high-performance applications for libraries and information centers, Tamar has taken an active role in the definition and marketing of the Ex Libris technologies and is leading the Company’s open-platform program. Tamar is a PhD student at the School of Informatics of City University, London, and the author of several papers on various subjects related to information sciences.
EBSCO is the only organisation in the world that is able to offer a complete range of services based upon four major pillars of the information services industry:
- E-journal, e-package, e-book and print subscription management service
- E-resource access solutions
- Content aggregation via full-text and secondary databases
- Targeted sales representation and dedicated services for publishers
Supporting all types of libraries, research organisations and corporations in over 200 countries from 31 offices worldwide, we are strategically positioned to explore the actual and forthcoming trends of the information industry.
From our key point of view, during the last 10 years, we’ve witnessed a deep change within the role of the librarians who have had to reposition themselves in order to survive in their ever changing environment. Today, they have to provide support, training and add value for users, who are increasingly “Google savvy” and are able to independently carry out their own research, without fully realising the unlimited value of a library collection.
Most recently, in addition to carrying out their main role and providing invaluable support and training, librarians also have to become contract/licence managers and marketing executives. It is here that EBSCO is available to assist them in this new approach, by providing them with consultative services and new generation library solutions.
Jakob Harnesk is the Nordic Sales Manager for EBSCO Information Services. Before joining EBSCO in 2008, Jakob held several qualified positions in research libraries and with various vendors. He has most notably been working for the Royal Library in Sweden, at the national coordinating body BIBSAM, and at the Karolinska Institute University Library, where he was Head of Customer Services.
Jakob has been active in several national and international organizations, including Swedish Associations for Information Specialists, Swedish Library Association, IFLA and ISO.
During his 25-year career, he has authored a large number of articles, reports and analyses on topics such as E-resource Access, Performance Indicators, and Legal Deposit of Online Publications. A frequent speaker at library conferences, he is currently a member of the editorial board of the peer-reviewed “Journal of Access Services”.
Jakob Harnesk holds a degree in Library Information System.
For nearly 200 years the NLSA has been collecting and preserving a complete set of South African published books, newspapers, journals and magazines, maps, acts and other government publications. Due to embrittlement of paper more than 60% of heritage collections kept at the National Library of South Africa are in danger of loss. The new building at the National Library’s Pretoria campus makes provision for a mass de-acidification facility. The Bookkeeper mass de-acidification system is probably the best system in terms of requirements and best practice. The Bookkeeper system was purchased in 2008 and has been operational since September 2009. The system has a capacity of processing more than 30,000 books per year. It can treat both books and archival non-book material. Being the only system in Southern Africa, the NLSA is planning to service other libraries and cultural institutions in the region as well.
Douwe Drijfhout presently manages the Preservation Services programme at the National Library of South Africa. He joined the NLSA (then State Library) in Pretoria in 1993 as Programme Manager of Information Services and later as Assistant Director responsible for Administrative Services. Before his transfer to the Cape Town in 2001 he acted as director of the Pretoria campus. He completed his Masters in Library and Information Science at the University of Pretoria in 1997. He is a board member of the Foundation for Library and Information Service Development. Other activities included membership of Elsevier Science’s library advisory board and the Joint IFLA/ICA Committee on Preservation in Africa. He is a member of the IFLA Preservation and Conservation Section, the Library and Information Association of South Africa (LIASA) and the South African Preservation and Conservation Group (SAPCON). He was previously employed by the University of South Africa library, the South African Bibliographic Network (SABINET) and the Information Service of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).